10:07 am - Friday April 28, 2017

Gianduja: Hazelnut and Chocolate Made Popular During Napolean’s Reign

Gianduja takes its name from Gianduja, a Commedia dell’Arte character represented by a mask of an honest peasant of the Piedmontese region in Italy, where this hazelnut confectionery is common.

According to Wikipedia:

Apparently, the idea of mixing hazelnut pieces to “standard” chocolates was born during Napoleon’s reign, when importing cocoa from South America became extremely difficult. “Raw” cocoa was extremely expensive, so local producers started incorporating bits of roasted hazelnuts (hazelnuts are locally grown and were easy to come by in Piedmont) to make the final product more affordable.

The taste of hazelnut is, I think, so rich and sweet that it needs nothing else to gild it, and although I am a devotee of dark chocolate, I am going to make my gianduja today with the traditional milk chocolate, as Pam notes on the Ecole Chocolat lesson primer, that milk chocolate allows the flavour of the nut to come through.

Also from the Ecole Chocolat website:

Compared with other nuts, hazelnuts are among the lowest in saturated fat and among the highest in heart-healthy monounsaturated fatty acids. Hazelnuts are an excellent source of vitamin E. They’re a good way to boost the protein content of a product without significantly raising carbohydrates, and they provide folate and add a variety of important antioxidants.

The one previous time I made gianduja, I tried doing a dark chocolate and walnut combination, which sounded good, but ended up tasting far too bitter, so milk chocolate it will be for my hazelnuts.

I am using a very good, caramelly milk chocolate couverture:  Callebaut Smooth, with 32% cocoa solids – a great favourite of my family’s – I have to hide it in a closet.

Because it is a mixture of only two ingredients:  the nuts and the chocolate, really good ingredients are vital.

It is almost impossible to make a gianduja at home which has exactly the consistency of the commercially produced gianduja available from chocolate manufacturers.

As Pam says “the industrial equipment produces a very fine grind that emulsifies the chocolate and nuts, resulting in a smooth, melt-in-your-mouth texture”.

I may not have the big machines required for this, but I do have an ancient, reliable food processor, and the resulting gianduja produced from the following Ecole Chocolat master recipe is I think, absolutely delicious.

It is simplicity itself:

  • one part hazelnuts – I used 7 ½ ounces
  • toasted in the oven, at 350 degrees Farenheit, for 12 minutes
  • wrap hazelnuts in a clean tea towel and let sit for ten minutes
  • rub hazelnuts in the tea towel to remove skins
  • remove excess skin by rubbing between fingers
  • whir hazelnuts in a food processor, until they form a thick, uniform paste
  • melt 7 ½ ounces milk chocolate, at half power in microwave until just melted (you do not need to temper the chocolate)
  • stir chocolate and hazelnut paste together until uniform

It all came together easily, and I left it to sit for a few moments, while tempering a pound of milk chocolate and using it to hollow  fill the cavities of two sets of poly-carbonate molds.

I painted the cavities of the molds with a very thin coating of tempered cocoa butter, before pouring in the tempered chocolate, as I hadn’t used one set of them in a while, and was a bit unsure of how well the finished bon bons would release.

Once the shells had set, I scooped the gianduja into the centres and after a few minutes, put on the backing coat of chocolate.

Pam gives a couple of other options, both of which have you temper the gianduja just as you would for chocolate, then:  either pour it out onto parchment as though a ganache (which can later be cut into desired shapes), or it can be scooped with two spoons into the classic “upside down boat” shape, and left to harden.

I spooned the leftover into flexible silicon mini-muffin molds, to harden into cup shapes, suitable for eating as is, or enrobing.

The bon bons released beautifully from the molds, a couple of hours later, and the small amount of cocoa butter painted into the cavities, definitely seems to have improved their gloss.

They look almost exactly like the “Hedgehog” chocolates I used to love, from one of my favorite local chocolatiers, growing up – I have never understood why this hazelnut/chocolate mixture is often called hedgehog.  But they taste absolutely heavenly.  Silky smooth and mild mannered (maybe that’s why), just one is the perfect size to satisfy.

And now I feel quite confident that I can walk into first day of rehearsal for our next show.  I may not have all my lines learned, or mastered the song I have to play on the piano, or worked out how to tie a perfect bow tie on a six foot tall actor, onstage …

But I have very good chocolate.

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